India is the second-largest country in the world after China in terms of population. It is famous for many things and landmarks such as the Taj Mahal, festivals like Holi, Eid, and Dussehra, spirituality, jewelry, cricket, and Bollywood.
Being one of the most rushed nations, the population of dogs in India is also in abundance. There are over 70 million dogs in India but unfortunately, half of them are the street or stray dogs. Currently, the Indian government is involving non-profit organizations to deal with this issue.
Well, while checking the stats and figures about Indian dog breeds, we found out that there are at least 10+ breeds that belong to India, so we have decided to feature all of them. Sounds interesting, right? Let’s explore the Indian dog breeds below.
The Bully Kutta is a working dog that belongs to India and Pakistan. It is also known as the Indian Mastiff or Indian Bully. It is highly intelligent, energetic, responsive, and an ideal pet if trained well. The Bully Kutta is mostly used for guarding and hunting, but unfortunately, it has also been used for illegal dog fighting in many areas of India and Pakistan such as Gurguram, Delhi, inner Pakistani Punjab, and many others.
Apart from the fact that it is used for illegal fighting, Bully Kutta is a true macho man and a wonderful dog.
Image credit: Utkarshsingh.1992 on Wikimedia Commons
The Indian Spitz, which is said to be a cousin of Pomeranian, is a friendly dog that was one of the most popular dog breeds in India in the 1980s and 1990s. Also known as an Indian Pomeranian, it is an intelligent breed that can analyze human intentions very well. The Indian Spitz can easily be adjusted in any environment and do well with all types of owners. It is highly energetic so daily walks are highly recommended. Interestingly, the Indian Spitz comes in 2 versions: a smaller version that weighs up to 15 pounds while the bigger one weighs up to 44 pounds.
Image credit: Wikimedia Commons
Pandikona is the third one in the list of Indian dog breeds which was originated in Panidkona village in Andhra Pradesh. Like Chihuahua, the Pandikona dog is also named after the place where it was found. It is very rare and usually not found outside Pandikona. Also, they have not much interacted with humans and they prefer to remain within their territory along with other dogs.
Unfortunately, this medium-sized sighthound is not recognized as a standard breed and is more likely to go extinct soon.
Image from Wikimedia Commons
The Vanjari Hound is usually used for hunting and guarding, as well as, herding. Also known as a Banjari Greyhound and Aseel, it is used as a sighthound in hunting by the Vanjari community in the Maharashtra state of India. The Vanjari Hound is at risk of interbreeding with other breeds. Some of the Vanjari Hounds can also be found in Rajasthan. This hairless dog is on the verge of extinction and may disappear from the planet in the near future.
Indian Pariah Dog:
Image credit: Ryan.virgo at English Wikipedia
Also known as Desi Kutta, Desi Dog, and South Asian Pariah Dog, it is said to be one of the oldest dogs which was domesticated by the humans and its archaeological evidence dates back to 15,000 BC. This medium-sized dog with a double coat can be found in India, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, and Pakistan.
The Indian Pariah dog is very intelligent and alert, that is why it can become an ideal police dog. It can evolve with nature and transform itself with the environment. With fewer health concerns, the Pariah dog can be a perfect pet dog if trained and socialized well at an early age. Currently, it is one of the most popular Indian dog breeds.
Image is taken from Medium.com
Gull Dong is, in fact, a product of Bully Kutta and Bull Terrier. Also known as an Indian Bulldog and Pakistani Bulldog, this breed is found in India and Pakistan, and unfortunately, used for illegal dog fighting in both the countries. Apart from that, it is an ideal breed for guarding and hunting.
If trained and raised by an expert owner, it does well as a domestic dog too. It is strong and muscular but affectionate and loving towards its family. The Gull Dong can hardly be found outside Pakistan and India.
Image is taken from Pinterest
Vikhan Sheepdog or Vikhan Shepherd is a livestock guardian dog that originates in Himachal Pradesh, India and Chitral, Pakistan. Not only a guardian dog, but the Vikhan Sheepdog is also used to hunt leopards. It is a speedy and fast breed that can outclass many other breeds when it comes to running. Because of its association with Chitral, which is a city in Khyber Pukhtunkhwa, Pakistan, this fearless dog is also known as a Chitral Watchdog.
Image is taken from Wikimedia Commons
The Kanni is a South Indian dog breed mostly found in Tamil Nadu and is classified as a sighthound. Popular as the Maiden’s Beastmaster in the region, the local landlords used Kanni for hunting purposes while currently it is used for coursing game. It is a loyal, intelligent, and trainable breed that is territorial and prefers to work independently. When comes to hunting, Kanni is an ideal dog breed to hunt rodents, hare, and deer.
This medium-sized dog comes in several colors with a semi-curved tail. Kanni is a shy and faithful dog that can become an excellent pet dog and will always be alert if he finds any threat towards its family.
Image credit: https://www.facebook.com/Bakharwal
Like many other dog breeds, the Bakharwal dog is found in India and Pakistan. It is a working dog and has been used as a livestock guardian dog for many centuries. Also known as a Kashmiri Mastiff, Gujjar Watchdog, and Bakarwali Shepherd dog, it was originated in Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir. It is one of the oldest Indian dog breeds and said to be the product of Indian Pariah dog and Tibetan Mastiff.
Currently, in Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir, it is used to protect farms, guard sheep, and capture militants.
Image credit: WagWalking
The Mahratta Greyhound is a rare dog breed that is found in the Maharashtra state of India and is not much popular outside the state. It is a lightning-fast and energetic breed and is used as a sighthound. It is said to be a descendant of the Saluki dog.
With a strong back, deep chest, and well-muscled body, the Mahratta Greyhound is an ideal breed for hunting. By nature, it is an independent and happy breed. Unfortunately, this intelligent and smart breed is not recognized by any major kennel club of India.
Image is taken from Wikimedia Commons
The jonangi is another Indian dog breed on the list. Also known as Kolleti Jagilam, it is found in Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, and Karnataka. It is usually used for hunting and herding but unfortunately, it is not recognized by any Kennel club in India.
The Jonangi dog is capable of digging ditches and then stay in it. Although this breed is on verge of its extinction, some major asil breeders are trying to revive this breed. Currently, Jonangi is one of the 13 endangered Indian dog breeds.
Image is taken from Wikimedia Commons
The Rajapalayam or the Poligar Hound is a sighthound dog that is among some of the breeds that are recognized by the Kennel Club of India. With golden eyes, pink nose, and milk-white color, this large-sized breed is unbelievably adorable. Interestingly, the Rajapalayam has been featured on postage stamps in India in 2005.
The Rampur Greyhound or Northern Indian Greyhound belongs to the Rampur region which is situated in Northern India. Indian Maharajas used Rampur Greyhounds to hunt lions, leopards, panthers, and tigers, as well as, to hunt jackals.
The Rampur Greyhound is a great runner and can cover long distances very quickly. It is one of the 4 Indian breeds that were featured on commemorative postage stamps in 2005.
With a thin and long tail, long snout, tall legs, and narrow torso, they have an ideal athletic body. They are shy but loyal breed and do well with the children. The Rampur Greyhounds are highly energetic and need daily exercise to maintain their general and mental health.
Image credit: petsworld.in
Also known as Cypro Kukur, the Kumaon Mastiff is a rare and endangered dog breed originating in Kumaon, in the Uttrakhand state of India. This aggressive dog breed is on the verge of extinction and there are about 200 individual dogs of this breed left in India. Fortunately, they were introduced in Italy and Finland by the breeders in the 19th century and there may be a greater population of Kumaon Mastiff in both the European countries.
They are large-sized dogs and are similar to the Great Danes. Their strong neck, muscular body, and the powerful head make them a very strong dog. They are aggressive and not an ideal breed for inexperienced owners but if trained and socialized at an early age, they can become a gentle and affectionate dog.
So, these were the 14 dog breeds originating in India and that’s not all. We guess there are some more breeds and we are going to add them soon. If you know any Indian dog breed which is not added in this article, just let us know and we’ll add that breed too.